❖ Conoce la Casa de la Cacica
This palace dates from 1560, and once served as the residence of the last Mixtec queen of the Teposcolula lands. The building is notable in the history of the Americas for being one of the few buildings in the hemisphere that shows a clear transition between traditional indigenous building techniques and those brought by the Europeans.
The eastern patio of the structure was rescued and remodeled. You will see pointed arches and balconies with a clear Spanish influence alongside Mixtec decorative elements.
Today the palace holds a well-stocked library and cultural center containing books on history, art, science, and young adult and children’s literature. Workshops are also offered here–all this demonstrating how ancient buildings, even those from pre-Hispanic times, can take on a new life and new value.
❖ Admira el Templo y Claustro
de San Pedro y San Pablo Teposcolula
Located in this Magical Town’s downtown, you’ll spot this church and its cloister immediately because of its immense atrium and monumental structure, built with pink and white limestone in the 16th century.
Before entering the church, step into its open chapel, a spectacular construction built to help evangelize the indigenous population. Experience the space’s unique sound and light characteristics.
The interior of this church and cloister offers the best of both worlds: fresh air and natural light coming and going between the columns, walls, and limestone vaults.
Go into the church and admire its monumental organ, the confessional carved from a single piece of wood, and the spectacular Churrigueresque altarpiece. The central figure in the piece is the Señor de las Vidrieras, an image of Christ much-revered by the local people.
❖ El Alcorcón y La Alcantarilla
During the colonial period, Teposcolula had a complex water distribution system, including a network of strategically located tanks to supply the population. The remains of the network are still visible in El Alarcón–it is a stone structure that has a collection and distribution system for used water, as well as nine springs whose water runs through stone canals to the tank. La Alcantarilla is another water tank from the same time period. It was at the end of a five mile-long aqueduct that started in Yucundaa.
These structures, together with Hospital de Indios de la Santa Veracruz, the Odriozola and Arvea houses and squares, Tandaa, the old corn cribs, the Dolores archway, and the Palacio Municipal (City Hall) earned this Magical Town the title Zona de Monumentos Históricos (Historic Monument Zone) in 1986.